What are Tumor Markers?

Tumor markers are molecules or substances found in higher concentrations in the blood, urine, or other tissues of people with cancers. Tumor markers are also known as biomarkers, and they help indicate cancer presence. These markers can be proteins, genes, hormones, enzymes, or other molecules. These markers can be produced by the cancer cells or the healthy cells in the body in response to cancer. While tumor markers are not diagnostic of cancer in isolation, they play an essential role in cancer detection, diagnosis, treatment monitoring, and prognosis.

In this article, we will look at how tumor markers work, and we will examine some common tumor markers that you may have heard of, particularly those in relation to breast cancer.

How tumor markers work

Tumor markers are used in various ways that make their importance elaborated in modern medicine. They include:

  • Production: Tumor markers are produced either by cancer
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The Power of Fruits: Unlocking the Benefits of Healthy Nutrition

Fruits, often celebrated for their vibrant colors and refreshing taste, stand as nature’s bounty, offering an array of nutrients essential for optimal health. From succulent berries to juicy citrus delights, the nutritional richness of fruits contributes significantly to a well-rounded diet. Exploring the diverse spectrum of fruits unveils a treasure trove of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, making them indispensable for maintaining overall health and vitality.

Vitamins: The Building Blocks of Health

One of the most remarkable aspects of fruits is their vitamin content. Laden with vitamins A, C, K, and an assortment of B vitamins, fruits offer a holistic approach to meeting the body’s nutritional requirements. Vitamin C, abundantly found in citrus fruits like oranges and lemons, serves as a potent antioxidant, bolstering the immune system and promoting healthy skin. Vitamin A, prevalent in fruits like mangoes and papayas, supports vision, skin health, and immune function, ensuring holistic …

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Belgravia’s Brilliance: Discovering Engagement Rings in London

Nestled amidst the grandeur of London lies Belgravia, a district renowned for its elegance, sophistication, and a treasure trove of exquisite engagement rings. For those seeking the epitome of timeless romance, Belgravia offers an unparalleled experience in the quest for the perfect symbol of love. As one delves into the enchanting realm of engagement rings London, the allure of Belgravia’s brilliance becomes apparent, beckoning lovers to embark on a journey where luxury meets sentimentality.

In the heart of this distinguished district, discerning couples are greeted by a myriad of prestigious jewelers, each showcasing a mesmerizing collection of engagement rings. From classic solitaires to elaborate vintage designs, the offerings in Belgravia cater to every taste and preference. Whether one seeks a traditional diamond ring or a unique gemstone creation, the ateliers of Belgravia boast unparalleled craftsmanship and an unwavering commitment to excellence.

Among the esteemed establishments in Belgravia, renowned jewelers …

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